Fiano di Avellino

Fiano di Avellino is a DOCG within the Campania region of Italy. It is named after the white grape from which it is made, Fiano, a variety which dates back more than two thousand years, its name coming from Vitis Apiana meaning vine beloved of bees. Apparently the grapes were so sweet that the bees found them irresistible. As much as this wine was appreciated in the Middle Ages (seemingly Charles d’Anjou was so enamored with this variety, he had 16,000 Fiano vines planted in the royal vineyards!), it is now one of the key players in the success of the modern Campania wine industry.
Although Fiano is grown in other parts of Campania, its best performance is demonstrated in the Fiano di Avellino wine. Fiano flourishes in this area, thanks to Avellino’s close proximity to the Apennine Mountains, its mild microclimate, diurnal temperature variations and mineral rich, volcanic and calcareous soils.
This variety’s incredible sweetness makes it a superb candidate for the semi-sweet sparkling wine that is a favorite among the locals (although it hasn’t reached the international or, even the national markets as yet). However, it is the still, dry white that carries the DOCG status, which it received just recently in 2003, its immense purity of fruit, quintessential elegance and refinement distinguishing it amongst its peers. The wines are characterized by lush notes of quince, orange blossom, spice and hazelnuts with an excellent underlying minerality and lively acidity. Under DOCG regulations, there must be a minimum of 85% Fiano, with the possible addition of up to 15% Greco and/or Coda di Volpe Bianca and/or Trebbiano Toscano. They are usually best drunk between three to five years, although some will last as long as seven to ten years, from the finest vineyards in outstanding vintages.

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